Generally, it’s better to fix a leaky roof immediately, no matter if it isn’t bothering you or you’re getting a new roof in the next year because unless you make a roof repair early, small leaks (are easily repairable) can turn into serious problems for the home one day.
So knowing you have a leaky roof is the easy part (water stain on the ceiling, dark streaks, etc.), finding a leak is the hardest part and a roof leak repair is pretty easy too.
To find a leak, there are a few methods that have a decent track-record of finding troublesome roof leaks.
Matching where the ceiling water stain aligns with the roof uphill, the source of leak could be directly above the ceiling stain, or to the right or to the left of it. A helpful hint is to look at roof penetrations (chimneys, air vents, plumbing, domers, etc.) are a commonplace for leaks to appear as opposed to open areas of the roof, where it is more rare. With that in mind, if you have access to the attic, using a flashlight it’s possible to look for signs of suspicious water damage (mold, dark streaks, dripping, etc.). Which should uncover some clues as to where the leak is coming from, otherwise try the next method.
With one person on the roof with a garden hose and another person inside to see if the leak returns. Roughly, spending over an hour, the person on the roof is trying to isolate where the leak is coming from by spending a few minutes running the hose on each of the suspected areas of the roof. It’s recommended to work your way up the roof’s slope, making it easier to rule out areas before moving on. Make sure to instruct the person inside to communicate to you that the leak came back, this allows the other person to know they found the area that is leaking. If this doesn’t uncover some clues as to where the leak is coming from, otherwise try the next method.
If running water from a garden hose doesn’t reveal the leak, slowly start removing shingles to look for discolored roof felt paper, water stains or rotted wood underneath. Depending on the severity of any of these, try to trace back to which shingle(s) have the worst damage underneath them. Most likely, this is where the leak is. Which should uncover some clues as to where the leak is coming from, otherwise try the next method.
If your ceiling has a plastic vapor barrier between the drywall and attic insulation, this barrier normally traps the water that is leaking. Push the insulation aside, looking for water flow stains on the plastic and this water flow stain is most likely to appear near openings like light fixtures.
If there aren’t any signs of water flow marks on the vapor barrier, look at the underside of the roof for “shiners”. These are nails that were driven in deeply and appear to be frosted; Moisture that escapes into the cold attic from the rooms below often condenses on these cold nails, and on cold nights they freeze, becoming a white colour, and during the day they melt. Causing a drip off of these nails. If that’s the case, then use side-cutting pliers to clip the nail to prevent this from continuing.
Somewhere along the tracking process, a leak should appear evident at some point.
In the case a roof has multiple layers of shingles, it's best to understand that though a leak has been identified and repaired it will not solve the problem until the entire roof is replaced. Primarily because water will be trapped throughout your roof and will inevitably leak again.
To find the source of a leak in your roof, start by inspecting the roof surface for any visible damage. Check areas around the chimney, vents, and skylights. If you cannot find the leak, try using a hose to simulate rainfall and observe where the water enters the roof.
Without attic access, you can still locate a leak in your roof by examining the roof surface and looking for any visible damage or wear. Check around areas such as chimneys, vents, and skylights. You can also use a hose to simulate rainfall and see where the water enters the roof.
Finding a roof leak can be difficult because the source of the leak may not be directly above the visible water damage. The leak could be traveling along rafters or pipes before it enters your home. Start by examining the roof surface for visible damage and check areas around chimneys, vents, and skylights. If necessary, hire a professional to help locate the leak.
To find the source of a flat roof leak, examine the roof surface for any visible damage or wear. Look for cracks, blisters, or punctures. Pay close attention to areas where the roof membrane is penetrated by vents, pipes, or other structures. You can also use a hose to simulate rainfall and see where the water enters the roof.
The most common causes of roof leaks are damaged or missing shingles, cracked flashing, damaged roof vents, and clogged gutters. Other causes may include damaged or worn roof seals around chimneys, skylights, or vents.